The Law applies to any type of file or device that is downloaded by your terminal equipment to store data that can be updated and retrieved by the entity responsible for its installation. A cookie is one of these general purpose files that we will call generically cookies.
Cookies are small text files sent to a browser from a Web server to record user activity on a website, so that this information can be retrieved later while browsing the different connected pages. to the server that installed them.
Cookies generally store technical information, personal preferences, content personalization, usage statistics, links to social networks, access to user accounts, etc.
Types of cookies
Then, a cookie classification is made based on a number of categories. However, it is necessary to be in mind that the same cookie can be included in more than one category.
ACCORDING TO THE ENTITY THAT GESTIONA
Own cookies: these are those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
Third-party cookies: those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
If cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself, but the information collected by them is managed by third parties, they will not be considered cookies of their own.
DEPENDING ON THE TIME FRAME THAT REMAIN ACTIVATED
Depending on the length of time they remain activated on the terminal equipment, we can distinguish:
Session cookies: These are types of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that only interests keep for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (for example, a list of purchased products).
Persistent cookies: They are a type of cookie where data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie and can vary from a few minutes to several years.
Depending on the purpose for which data obtained through cookies are processed, we may distinguish between:
Technical cookies: are those that allow the user to navigate a web page, platform or application and use the different options or existing services, such as controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access parts, remember the elements that make up an order, make the process of purchasing an order, request registration or participation in an event, use security features while browsing, store content for video or sound sharing, or share content through social networks.
Personalization cookies: these are those that allow the user to access the service with some general predefined features, based on a number of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as the language, the type of browser by which the service is accessed. , the regional configuration from which you access the service, etc.
Analytics cookies: those that allow the person responsible for monitoring and analyzing the behavior of users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used in the measurement of the activity of websites, applications or platforms and in the elaboration of browsing profiles of users of these sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements in the function of the analysis of usage data made by users of the service.
Advertising cookies: Those that allow you to manage, as efficiently as possible, the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the publisher has included on a web page, application or platform from which it provides the requested service based on criteria such as edited content or how often ads are displayed.
Behavioral advertising cookies: these are those that allow the management, as efficiently as possible, of the advertising spaces that, when appropriate, the publisher has included on a web page, application or platform from which it provides the requested service. These cookies store information about the behavior of users, obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
How to disable cookies in major web browsers
Rejecting cookies can prevent access to personalized content and services.